Foundation Less Than Full Time Working Policy
- Supporting Documentation
- Funding Arrangements
- Training Placements
- Working Hours
- Application Process and Notice Period
- Appeals Process
Less than full time training is the means by which trainees undertake their training when they are unable to work and train full time for “well-founded” reasons. The NHS is committed to flexible working arrangements across the health economy and less than full time training is a method by which trainees can utilise the less than full time training scheme to balance their work and personal lives, as well as assisting those trainees who are in poor health or those who have a disability.
The purpose of this policy is to clarify how the less than full time training scheme works, who is eligible to apply and the arrangements necessary to secure approval. The scheme is also intended to make a meaningful contribution to the principles of equality and diversity, particularly in relation to working parents and trainees with a disability. The policy also aims to demonstrate that Health Education England working across the South West recognises the demographic trends in the medical workforce and we are therefore committed to promoting and supporting access to less than full time training opportunities for eligible applicants.
This policy applies to all trainees taking up appointments in Foundation posts that are both educationally approved by Health Education England working across the South West and the General Medical Council (GMC) and applies to the following grades:
Foundation Year 1 (F1)
Foundation Year 2 (F2)
This policy is written to complement the UKFPO Guide for Foundation Training in the UK. It is recommended that trainees review the UKFPO Foundation Training Guide in addition to this policy.
All foundation trainees are eligible to apply for less than full time working. Those wishing to do so must show that training on a full-time basis would not be practical for them for well-founded individual reasons.
Reasons for needing to train on a less than full time basis are put into two main categories for the purpose of assessing eligibility. However, these categories are not exhaustive. Other sections may be added here as necessary to describe the process/system being described.
Those doctors in training with:
- Disability or ill health (this may include ongoing medical procedures such as fertility treatment)
- Responsibility for caring (men or women) for children
- Responsibility for caring for ill/disabled partner, relative or another dependant
Those doctors in training with:
- Unique opportunities
- A trainee is offered a unique opportunity for their own personal/professional development and this will affect their ability to train full time (e.g. training for national/international sporting events or a short-term extraordinary responsibility such as a national committee or continuing medical research as a bridge to progression in integrated academic training).
- Religious commitment
- A trainee has a religious commitment that involves training for a particular role and requires a specific time commitment resulting in the need to work less than full time.
- Non-medical development
- A trainee is offered non-medical professional development (e.g. management courses, law courses or fine arts courses), which requires a specific time commitment resulting in the need to work less than full time.
Category 1 applicants will have priority and will be supported by Health Education England working across the South West.
Access to category 2 is dependent on individual circumstances and the availability of funding. Other well-founded reasons will be considered for less than full time training but will be prioritised by the Postgraduate Dean (or nominated deputy) and will be dependent on the capacity of the programme and available resources.
Subject to eligibility, trainees may train less than full time from the outset or transfer from full time to less than full time (and back again if required).
Where a trainee no longer wishes or is no longer eligible to work on a less than full time basis they will return to full time training when an appropriate placement becomes available. Until that time the trainee will continue to work on a less than full time basis.
Any trainee wishing to work less than full time must have obtained a post in open competition. Unless advertised to the contrary, all competitively appointed posts are offered on a full time basis. If a trainee wishes to work less than full time they must notify the relevant Foundation School as soon as possible.
|Category||Circumstance||Supporting Documentation||Expiry Date of Eligibility|
|Category 1||Disability / ill health||
A letter from your GP/ Occupational Health Consultant/ Medical Specialist which includes:
It must be on letter-header paper or be from an official email address which can be validated. The letter should be dated within the past 3 months.
|Until end of training|
|Responsibility for care of children||
You will need to confirm the anticipated or actual date of birth of your youngest child on the online application form. (Please note you do not need to continue to re-apply upon each period of maternity leave, eligibility is automatic until your youngest child is 18 years old).
|Until youngest child is 18 years’ old|
|Responsibility for caring for ill/disabled partner, relative or other dependant||
A letter from your GP or Medical Specialist involved in the care of your partner/relative/dependent which includes:
It must be on letter-header paper or be from an official email address which can be validated, dated within the last three months.
|Until end of training|
|Category 2||All circumstances||
Complete the free text boxes on the online application form detailing the nature of your request. You can attach letters of support and job descriptions to the application form should you wish.
|Category 2 applications will be reviewed on a regular basis and continuation is not automatic|
Less than full time applications without the supporting evidence requested will not be accepted. The trainee will be sent a response informing them we are unable to proceed with their application and their application has been declined. The trainee will need to resubmit a new application once they have the required evidence. Should they not submit a new application with the evidence requested above, we will assume they wish to continue training full time.
Health Education England working across the South West funds the educational component of the basic salary and pay enhancements are the responsibility of the employer. These funding arrangements are intended to avoid financial disincentives for employers. The availability of less than full time training is ultimately dependent on available funding from Health Education England and the employers; however, where possible, appropriate measures will be taken to facilitate access.
Where a trainee is in an additional placement Health Education England working across the South West will provide the educational component of the basic salary up to a maximum 60% of the full-time basic salary based on the formula used for full time trainees. The hours that attract a pay enhancement will be provided by the employing Trust.
Where two trainees’ slot-share Health Education England working across the South West will provide funding for the additional component of the basic salary, see example below:
Where two trainees’ slot-share in a full-time post at 60% (0.6 of the full time basic salary) Health Education England working across the South West will fund the additional 0.2 element of the basic salary. The hours that attract a pay enhancement for both trainees will be agreed by the employing Trust.
Less than full time training may be undertaken in one of three ways listed below.
Slot-sharing works on the basis that two trainees occupy one full time post and manage the out of hours work between them as agreed by the employer.
Each trainee may work up to 60% whole time equivalent. Health Education England working across the South West will provide surplus funding as an incentive to the employer to support the less than full time training placement.
Slot-share trainees must agree their working pattern with their Educational Supervisor to ensure educational and service needs are met. Flexibility will be required where specific working days are required by either or both parties. Typically, slot-sharers will work separate days of the week with overlap on one day or more.
Opportunities for slot-sharing must be explored before any alternative arrangements are considered. Any trainee additionally funded or part time in a full time slot will be required to slot-share should the opportunity arise.
Part Time in a Full Time Slot
A trainee occupies an established full-time post but works reduced hours.
As an established post, no additional funding will be provided. However, the employer may utilise any surplus funds to backfill any service gap.
A trainee may work 0.6 or 0.8 whole time equivalent when part time in a full time slot. In exceptional circumstances 0.5 will be considered. If a slot-share opportunity arises then trainees may be asked to accommodate this. For trainees working at 0.8, this may include a requirement to reduce their working hours to facilitate this. Trainees will be given three months’ notice of this change.
Occupational health should be asked to provide a recommendation for whole time equivalent working pattern for applications related to disability or ill health if there is a difference of opinion between the trainee and postgraduate educational support team.
The trainee must complete the same approval paperwork even though there is no financial implication to the employing Trust.
Additional Funding slots
These posts are those that are in addition to the usual complement of foundation training posts in an employing Trust.
This option may only be considered provided there is no detrimental effect on other trainees within the training programme.
A trainee may work up to 0.6 whole time equivalent, limited by the funding arrangements from HEE.
Additionally funded placements will only be considered where slot-share arrangements or having a part time trainee in a full time slot is not practical. Examples would be those in ill health and those with dependants who suddenly need increased care.
Health Education England working across the South West will provide the educational component of the salary up to 60% whole time equivalent. Any hours that attract a pay enhancement will be agreed and paid for by the employing Trust.
Wherever possible, trainees will move between posts on the same basis as a full-time trainee in foundation training, to ensure they receive a coherent programme of training that is educationally comparable with full time trainees.
Wherever possible less than full time trainees will rotate through the specialties allocated to them on their original full-time foundation programme. This cannot be guaranteed however, and less than full time trainees may find their rotations change to accommodate the needs of the trust or to enable opportunities to slot-share.
Trainees working less than full time may also find that their completion date for training may not correspond with August.
Please see Foundation LTFT rotation management guide for a timeline of how 80% and 60% (and exceptionally 50%) LTFT rotations will be managed.
Less than full time training is equivalent to full time work in all respects. The table below should be used as a guide and will assist in calculating the less than full time training required to meet the full-time equivalent quota for training.
|%||6 Months||12 Months||18 Months||24 Months|
|50% WTE||12 Months||24 Months||36 Months||48 Months|
|60% WTE||10 Months||20 Months||30 Months||40 Months|
|80% WTE||8 Months||15 Months||23 Months||30 Months|
For example, a trainee starting a 2-year foundation training programme working 60% whole time equivalent will take 40 months (3 years 4 months) to complete, subject to satisfactory progression.
Example of working hours taken from BMA LTFT trainee guide:
0.5 20 -24 hours per week 50% basic salary
0.6 24-28 hours per week 60% basic salary
0.8 32-36 hours per week 80% basic salary
It should be noted that opportunities for slot-sharing will be explored before any alternative working arrangements are considered.
To facilitate opportunities to slot-share, trainees will work up to 60% whole time equivalent. Where this results in a reduction to the total working hours trainees will be give three months’ notice of any change.
In line with the GMC position statement on less than full time training (October 2011), trainees will be required to undertake no less than 50% full time training.
- If a trainee experiences exceptional difficulties, the Foundation School Director will consider 50% LTFT on a case by case basis. Where a trainee requires less than 50%, only the Postgraduate Dean can agree to reduce the time requirement further. The absolute minimum is 20% of full-time training with the expectation that trainees should not take a placement at this level for more than 12 months.
- For further information refer to the ‘GMC position statement on less than full time training’.
Out of Hours Work
Day time working, on-call and out of hours duties will be undertaken on a pro-rata basis to that worked by full time trainees in the same grade and specialty and will be remunerated on a pro-rata basis by the employing trust.
The only exceptions to this are circumstances for less than full time training which make this inappropriate or impossible, provided legal and educational requirements are met. In these circumstances it would be usual for this to be supported by an occupational health recommendation.
Undertaking 'Other Work' Whilst Training Less Than Full Time
Trainees on less than full time placements are not precluded from undertaking other work although they should ensure that in undertaking this work they practice according to the GMC’s good medical practice and that this does not impact negatively on their training. F1s holding provisional registration only, should restrict locum activity to posts in a trust they have already worked and in placements where they have already worked.
Where undertaking additional work within the remit of holding a licence to practice the trainee must utilise the annual submission of the Form R to ensure the Postgraduate Dean as their designated Responsible Officer is aware.
The basic pay for doctors training less than full time is pro rata to the basic salary for a doctor employed full time calculated on an average of 40 hours per week.
Basic pay and pay enhancement queries should be directed to the employing Trust, usually via the Medical Staffing department.
For further information on pay please read the document ‘Doctors in flexible training – Equitable pay for flexible medical training’.
Less than full time trainees are expected to make appropriate personal arrangements to access fixed training days when they are not rostered to work. This will require flexibility on part of the trainee to ensure they have access to all the educational components of the training programme equivalent to their full-time counterparts.
Less than full time trainees should refer to the Study Leave guidelines for further information on the allocation and application process.
Frequency of ARCP
Less than full time trainees will have an ARCP at points where decision relating to progression in training are required and should be assessed not less than annually. There should be no more than a 15-month interval to facilitate Revalidation. Consequently, less than full time trainees will have more ARCPs than a full-time trainee.
Inter Deanery Transfer
Trainees accepted into the South West programme via an inter-deanery transfer who are already working less than full time will not have to re-establish eligibility; provided they have evidence of their eligibility to work less than full time from their originating organisation.
Trainees should discuss any plans for less than full time training with their Training Programme Director before submitting an application. If the trainee is unaware of who their Training Programme Director is then they should contact the relevant Education Programme Manager.
Trainees must give at least three months’ notice of their wish to train less than full time to allow sufficient time for the employing Trust to be notified and to discuss with the Training Programme Director for the purposes of rotation planning. If less notice is received the trainee’s application will still be considered but the start date may be delayed.
Further guidance and the application form to apply for training less than full time is available on the Deanery website.
Please return your completed form to your relevant Education Programme Manager:
Requests to train less than full time received at short notice on health grounds will be agreed on a case by case basis.
An appeal is an opportunity to question a decision or complain about treatment which a trainee considers to be unfair. An appeal will allow all parties to have the case heard before an independent panel, and a decision to be reached on the facts that have been presented.
Eligibility for Appeal
Trainees refused access to the less than full time training scheme are eligible to appeal. The appeals process should not be used for:
- Issues with the employing Trust relating to salary calculation or pay enhancements
- Provision of out-of-hours in excess of those (if any) required for educational approval
- Employers’ refusal to employ a less than full time trainee on costs grounds
Registering an Appeal
Appeals should be submitted using the ‘Notification of Appeal’ available from the website. The Notification of Appeal form must be sent to the Postgraduate Dean within 15 working days of the decision about which you are appealing being made.
A copy of the Notification of Appeal should also be sent to email@example.com.
Process Following an Appeal Being Registered
The trainee will be invited to attend an appeal hearing to be held within 15 working days of the submission of the appeal where possible.
The trainee will be required to provide a Statement of Case which will need to be provided to the Postgraduate Dean at least 5 working days before the hearing.
The relevant Foundation School Director who refused access to less than full time training will also be required to provide a statement of case to the Postgraduate Dean at least 5 working days before the hearing.
Both parties will be given copies of each other’s statement of case.
The statement of case will allow the Postgraduate Dean to study all written material and should include the following:
- The reason for appeal
- A simple list of events in date order
- Copies of all correspondence and written evidence
- Details of any witnesses used
The Appeal Panel
The appeal will be heard by an independent appeals panel. The appeals panel will comprise as follows: -
- Postgraduate Dean (or nominated deputy) who will chair the appeal
- One doctor in training nominated by the BMA
- Lay person
The panel members will not have been involved in the original decision that gave rise to the appeal.
How the Appeal is Carried Out
The appeal will be a meeting between the panel, the relevant Foundation School Director and the trainee.
The trainee, or representative, will be given the opportunity to put forward the reason for appeal.
The relevant Foundation School Director will be given the opportunity to explain why the decision was made.
Any evidence additional to that included in the statement of case may be presented at this time provided both sides and the panel have been given a minimum of 5 working days to consider it fully.
Each side will have the opportunity to question the other on issues of fact.
Decision of Appeal
The decision of the panel, and the reasons for making that decision, will normally be announced at the end of the appeal; this decision will be confirmed in writing within 10 working days. If, for any reason, a decision cannot be made at that time, a further date may be arranged to hear any further evidence pertaining to the appeal.
If the decision is not forthcoming on the day, it will be made known to both parties within a further 10 working days unless a further date is to be arranged.
In any event, the decision of the panel is final.